Dorian Manhattan

Social condenser infrastructure [Obstacle city vs. Floating city]

01 X INFO

AUTHOR: Alex Duro
PLACE: Roosvelt Island, New York, USA
YEAR: 2015
STATUS: Unbuilt

02 X DESCRIPTION

1] Obstacle city.

Manhattan born in 1881 with the Commissioners Plan, which establish a conceptual infinite grid over the 8,750 ha of Manhattan, island and creates 11 avenues and 155 streets. The only limitation was the island itself, when Manhattan got in contact with both Hudson River and East River.

The city proposed by Commissioners Plan defined the contemporary city up to the present day. A more or less strong division between public and private space which gives room to an horizontal ground division. Plots were built to infinite trying to maximize the built area, looking for profitability, looking for the biggest profit. This system also consolidated the ‘skyscrapers’ model which born in Chicago. Examples like Flatiron Building illustrate how less mattered the resulting kind of building in the pursuit of earning money, building to the infinite.

Yona Friedman defined that city as the ‘obstacle city’:

“Going a step further, I think the same thing about the city. Our buildings, as they are, are obstacles. If you are driving, ori f you are walking, you realize it, because you have all the time to goa round these obstacles, and city plans are strategic plan show to goa round obstacles. So my second interest i show to make the city less of an obstacle, less of an enemy”.

Yona Friedman; INTELLIGENCE STARTS WITH IMPROVISATION.

2] Floating city.

On the other hand Rem Koolhaas when speaks about city in “What ever happened to urbanism?”, expresses his concern about the abandonment of the ‘city project’:

How to explain the paradox that urbanism, as a profession, has disappeared at the moment when urbanization everywhere – after decades of constant acceleration – is on its way to establishing a definitive, global “triumph” of the urban condition?

Rem Koolhaas; WHAT EVER HAPPENED TO URBANISM?

From this point of view we propose to design 1001 new, distinct and intelligent cities, from a not super-technological point of view but from careful and cunning   decisions.

In contrast with Yona Friedman’s ‘obstacle city’ model, we propose the ‘floating city’, which we will imagine over the ground, within a dialogue with it, but without creating scars or wounds as highways, railroads tracks or barriers and obstacles, as enormous impassable blocks.

In contrast with Yona Friedman’s ‘obstacle city’ model, we propose the ‘floating city’, which we will imagine over the ground, within a dialogue with it, but without creating scars or wounds as highways, railroads tracks or barriers and obstacles, as enormous impassable blocks.

Forecast Manifesto

The floating city only touches the ground for resting. Whenever possible, it moves away of the ground. 2. The floating city can be explored from below. A innovative spatial journey for the inhabitants of the conventional city. 3. In the floating city there are no cars. People walk. They go by bike or underground. We do not like roads. 4. In the floating city there are no obstacles. Paths are direct to reach each site. Or deliberately tortuous to get lost and enjoy. 5. In the floating city the space is public. No plots are extruded to infinity for the benefit of greedy developers and builders.

03 X TECHNICAL DRAWINGS

Below, a series of technical drawings: constructive section, constructive axonometry and structural details.

04 X ABOUT

His prizes:

  1. First Prize. VI Muestra PFC Bienal Española de Arquitectura y Urbanismo XIII;
  2. Finalist. Arch2O Student Week 8;
  3. Selected. 3nta Rotating editor: Alcalá future is here;
  4. Second Prize. I Concurso Arquitectura y Empresa 2015 – Premio Nacional a PFC.



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